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Outdoors - StatesmanJournal.com
Salmon parasite adds to Klamath River woes


RICH PEDRONCELLI / Associated Press

Boats sit in the mouth of the Klamath River as it empties into the Pacific Ocean near Klamath, Calif. A parasite, Ceratomyxa shasta, is killing young salmon on the river, and the problem could not come at a worse time as the river will be drawn down soon to meet the irrigation needs of farmers.

Source of outbreak is unknown, and timing is terrible

The Associated Press
June 3, 2004

GRANTS PASS — The California Department of Fish and Game is worried that a parasite killing young salmon and steelhead migrating down the Klamath River to the ocean could kill hundreds of thousands in coming weeks as flows reduce.

Young chinook, coho and steelhead infected with the parasite Ceratomyxa shasta began showing up in traps that sample the annual migration around May 1, said senior fisheries biologist Neil Manji of the department’s Redding office.

The parasite is found up and down the river, but the cause of the outbreak remains unknown.

The parasite infestation injected another source of strain in continuing tensions over dividing scarce water be-tween farmers on the Klamath Reclamation Project, endangered suckers in Upper Klamath Lake, and salmon in the river.

“We get put in a very awkward position,” Manji said. “Do you want to use (water allocated for salmon) not to kill adult fish coming back or to help young fish go out?”

Releases down the Klamath River have been reduced after it became clear drought conditions were worse than expected, but the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation is meeting Endangered Species Act mandates for water for endangered suckers in Upper Klamath Lake and threatened coho in the Klamath River, said bureau spokesman Jeff McCracken.

The bureau also has provided extra water for the spring salmon migration though a water bank that buys water from farmers and has worked with the California Department of Fish and Game to spread the release of millions of young salmon from the Iron Gate hatchery to reduce the strain on habitat, McCracken said.

The first sick fish were spotted in the trap farthest upriver. Over the course of the past month, up to 80 percent of the fish in traps showed symptoms of the parasite, and 50 percent were dead, Manji said.

The numbers raised concerns of a repeat of a 2000 fish kill that left an estimated 300,000 young salmon and steelhead dead from the same parasite, Manji said.

The parasite appeared about two weeks before the release of millions of young salmon from the Iron Gate hatchery, making it unlikely the parasite infested the fish in the hatchery, or was a result of crowding in the river caused by the release.

He said he was concerned it would get worse in coming weeks, when flows will be reduced to conserve water for irrigation on the Klamath Reclamation Project, and the return of spawning adults this fall.


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